Experts Talk – Pros and cons of eye surgery LASIK

Most people wish to enjoy their career and leisure activities with good vision as well. However, the prospect of eye surgery LASIK— and being awake while it — might be frightening. Neither is the treatment, which includes creating a tiny flap in the cornea’s surface cells to restructure the cornea beneath, appropriate for everyone.

Others may object to the cost: According to Hood, the average cost per eye is around $2,200.

Due to the fact that eye surgery LASIK is not often covered by insurance, some individuals may want to save and pay for it using a flexible spending account. Additionally, the credit union at the University of Michigan offers financing options.

Regardless of the issue, “we assist (patients) in weighing the risks and advantages,” Hood adds. “It’s a no-brainer for certain folks.”

He discusses numerous advantages and disadvantages of EYE SURGERY LASIK in this section:

Pro: LASIK eye surgery is a quick and painless procedure.

LASIK Eye Surgery is an outpatient treatment that takes around 20 minutes — “and the majority of that time is spent getting ready for surgery,” Hood observes.

If the recipient remains awake, he or she may be given Valium to soothe their anxiety. To ensure patient safety and comfort, the laser is programmed to turn off whenever the patient’s eye makes any unexpected movements that might result in mistakes or harm.

Cons: Not everyone qualifies

Those considered inappropriate are frequently in their forties and fifties. That is because they may have presbyopia, a condition in which the lens of the eye stiffens and impairs close-up vision (eye surgery LASIK alters the cornea, not the lens).

Pro: Results are obtained swiftly

It is not difficult to regain clear vision. Patients who have eye surgery LASIK will notice a difference within a few hours. “By the next day, you’re seeing really well,” Hood explains. The majority of routine tasks can be resumed within 48 hours.

However, those who have PRK can anticipate a lengthier recovery time — about a month — and some slight discomfort as a result of the corneal surface removal.

Con: There are certain hazards associated with eye surgery lasik.

While eye surgery LASIK may cause temporary dry eyes for up to three months (which may be handled with artificial tears), the likelihood of this becoming a chronic problem is extremely remote. Another unusual adverse effect is glare or halos at night.

Nonetheless, Hood notes, “the danger is far lower than it used to be, and the technology is significantly better.” The treatment zone is now significantly bigger, including the whole cornea.”

The advantage is that you can live without glasses or contacts.

Whether they opt for eye surgery LASIK or PRK, many patients consider the procedure as life-changing — and a way to participate in even fundamental activities that were previously impossible due to impaired eyesight.

“For the majority of individuals, something changes or compels them to seek surgery,” Hood explains. “They become dissatisfied with contacts because to dry dyes or desire to ride their bicycle without glasses.”

Cons: The flaps are prone to injury.

Because the flaps formed during eye surgery LASIK are not secured, patients should avoid rubbing their eyes throughout the healing process. Any stress to a flap (such as being pricked by a tree branch or fingernail) has the potential to dislodge it — even years after surgery, Hood notes. Consult an eye doctor immediately if this type of contact happens.

Due to the fact that no flaps are produced after PRK, those patients are not at risk. Athletes and other physically active folks may choose this option in order to perform at their best.

Pro: Your vision will be much enhanced.

Patients who get eye surgery LASIK can restore 20/20 vision. Just don’t expect superhuman vision: “At best, we’ll accomplish what spectacles or contact lenses can do,” Hood says.

That scenario may be different for people with greater prescriptions: “Our odds of achieving 20/20 vision are roughly 20% to 30%,” he explains, “but we have a very strong possibility of you functioning without glasses.” Click here to read about Foods that aid in eye surgery LASIK recovery.

Cons: There is a remote possibility that you will require eye surgery lasik again.

Again, people with a higher prescription before surgery are more likely to see a little decline in vision quality over time – a condition called myopic regression.

“There is a possibility that it will drift back, but never to the same degree,” Hood explains. This may necessitate a doctor-patient interaction, he observes, as a second eye surgery LASIK procedure has additional and distinct risks.

What to anticipate

Prior to the procedure:

Long-term eye surgery LASIK outcomes are often greatest in patients who are carefully screened prior to eye surgery to ensure they are suitable candidates for the treatment.

If you wear contact lenses, which have the potential to alter the curvature of your cornea, you must stop wearing them completely and only wear your spectacles for at least a few weeks prior to your examination and surgery. Your doctor will offer particular instructions based on the type of contacts you wear and the length of time you’ve been wearing contacts.

During the evaluation, your eye doctor will inquire about your medical and surgical history and do a thorough eye examination to check your eyesight and determine whether you are a candidate for the operation safely.

Your physician will examine you for evidence of:

  • Infection of the eye 
  • Inflammation of the eye 
  • Dry eyes 
  • Dilated pupils 
  • Hypertension of the eye

Additionally, your eye doctor will examine the form, contour, thickness, and any anomalies on your cornea. Your eye specialist will assess which parts of your cornea require reshaping and the exact amount of tissue to remove.

Before LASIK surgery, doctors often do a detailed evaluation of your eye using wavefront-guided technology. In this examination, a scanner makes an extremely comprehensive chart of your eye, akin to a topographic map. The more precise the measurements, the more precise the corneal tissue removal may be performed by your eye specialist.

Prior to surgery, your doctor will review the risks and advantages of eye surgery LASIK, as well as what to expect during and after the procedure.

LASIK surgery is often finished in 30 minutes or less. You will be lying on your back in a reclining chair throughout the treatment. You may be offered medication to assist with relaxation.

Following the placement of numbing drops in your eye, your doctor will use a piece of equipment to keep your eyelids wide.

Suction rings put on your eye immediately prior to cutting the corneal flap may induce a sensation of pressure and a slight dimming of your vision.

Your eye surgeon will cut a little hinged flap away from the front of your eye using a small blade or cutting laser. By folding back the flap, your doctor may get access to the area of your cornea that has to be reshaped.

Your eye surgeon reshapes portions of your cornea using a controlled laser. Each laser pulse removes a very little quantity of corneal tissue. After reshaping the cornea, the surgeon reattaches the flap. Generally, the flap heals without sutures.

You will be advised to concentrate on a spot of light during the procedure. By focusing on this light, you can maintain a stable position for your eye while the laser reshapes your cornea. While the laser is removing the corneal tissue, you may notice a unique odor. According to others, the odor is comparable to that of burnt hair. Visit to read more about burnt hair.

If you require LASIK surgery in both eyes, the operation is often performed on the same day.

Foods that aid in eye surgery LASIK recovery

While it’s common knowledge that a balanced, nutritious diet benefits the entire body, did you realize that the contrary — a poor diet — can have a detrimental effect on your vision especially if you’re just recovering from eye surgery LASIK? The quality of the food, how it is cooked, and the quantity consumed may all contribute to an increased risk of developing eye disorders. That is why we have compiled the following list of items to avoid.

Meats That Are Too Fatty

A diet heavy in processed meats high in saturated fat, such as red meat and sausage, frequently contributes to elevated cholesterol. As a result, plaque accumulates on the macular veins of the eyes, obstructing blood flow to the eyes. As a result, consuming a lot of fatty meats may raise your chance of getting macular degeneration, a disease of the retina that results in visual loss. This can also counter the progress of eye surgery LASIK.

Snack Foods Snack foods such as chips, cookies, and candies, when consumed in large or even moderate amounts, can have a detrimental influence on your vision. A recent study discovered that the veggie, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fats included in these meals increase the chance of developing eye disorders in people who consume them in excess. Along with these bad fats, the high salt and sugar content of these meals has a detrimental effect on the health of the body’s organs and circulatory system, impairing blood and oxygen flow to the eyes. You can read more about eye surgery LASIK by visiting


A diet high in sugar is one of the most damaging diets for the eyes especially when it concerns eye surgery LASIK. Consuming excessive amounts of sugar on a consistent basis elevates your blood sugar, which results in swelling of the lens of the eye and distorts your vision. Consuming an excessive amount of sugar may also result in the development of diabetes, which can eventually result in leaky blood vessels in the eyes, ocular hemorrhages, and even irreversible vision loss.

Foods that are fried

The heating and re-heating of oils used to fry dishes alter the oil’s molecular structure, which is detrimental to the entire body — including the eyes. Fried meals deplete the body of nutrients and produce free radicals that harm eye cells and can affect the progress of eye surgery LASIK. Additionally, consuming fried meals weakens the heart and hinders blood circulation, both of which influence the blood flow to the eyes and can result in vision loss.

Foods that Promote Eye Health

After learning which foods to avoid in excessive quantities, below is a list of foods that may help prevent eye diseases:

  • Eggs 
  • Green, leafy vegetables 
  • Citrus fruits and berries 
  • Salmon and other fish high in DHA (omega-3 fatty acid)

Eye surgery LASIK risks include the following: 

  • Dry eyes. 

Eye surgery LASIK temporarily reduces tear production. Your eyes may seem especially dry for the first six months or so following surgery as they recuperate. Dry eyes might impair your vision’s quality.

Your eye doctor may prescribe eye drops to alleviate dry eyes. If you have severely dry eyes, you may choose to have special plugs placed in your tear ducts to keep your tears from draining away from the surface of your eyes.

  • Halos, glare, and double vision. 

After eye surgery LASIK, you may experience trouble seeing at night, which typically lasts a few days to a few weeks. Increased sensitivity to light, glare, halos surrounding bright lights, or double vision are all possible symptoms.

Even if you get a satisfactory visual result under conventional testing settings, your eyesight in dim light (such as at twilight or in fog) may be diminished to a larger extent following surgery than before.

  • Undercorrections.

If the laser destroys insufficient tissue from your eye, you will not achieve the improved vision you desire. Nearsighted individuals are more likely to require corrections. Within a year, you may require another eye surgery LASIK to remove more tissue.

  • Overcorrections. 

Additionally, the laser may remove too much tissue from your eye. Correcting overcorrections may be more challenging than correcting under corrections.

  • Astigmatism. 

Astigmatism can be induced by the unequal loss of tissue. Additional surgery, glasses, or contact lenses may be required.

  • Flap issues. 

During surgery, folding back or removing the flap from the front of your eye might result in issues such as infection and excessive tears. 

  • Regression. 

During the healing process, the outermost corneal tissue layer may develop abnormally beneath the flap. Regression occurs when your vision gradually returns to your prior prescription. This is a less often occurring problem.

  • Loss or alteration of vision. 

Occasionally, surgical complications might result in eyesight loss. Additionally, some individuals may lose their ability to see as sharply or clearly as they once did.

Conditions that exacerbate dangers

Certain health problems may raise the risks of eye surgery LASIK or make the outcome less predictable.

If you have specific illnesses, such as rheumatoid arthritis or a compromised immune system induced by immunosuppressive medicines or HIV, your doctor may not propose laser refractive surgery for you.

  • Recent changes in vision caused by drugs, hormonal changes, pregnancy, breastfeeding, or advanced age 
  • Corneal inflammation, lid abnormalities, eye traumas, or eye illnesses such as uveitis, herpes simplex in the eye region, glaucoma, or cataracts

LASIK surgery is generally not recommended if you have an eye disease that causes the cornea to thin and bulge, or if you 

  • Have a family history of it
  • Have reasonably good overall vision
  • Have severe nearsightedness. 
  • Have extremely large pupils or thin corneas
  • Have age-related eye changes that cause vision to become less clear
  • Participate in contact sports that may involve blows to the face

If you’re considering eye surgery LASIK, discuss your concerns and questions with your doctor. Your physician will determine if you are a candidate for this operation or others comparable to it.

Preparation methods

Several steps can be taken to prepare for surgery, including the following: 

  • Determine the approximate cost of surgery. 

Because eye surgery LASIK is typically considered elective, most insurance companies will not pay the expense. Prepare to pay for your costs out of pocket.

  • Arrange for transportation home. 

You will require transportation to and from your surgical location. Immediately following surgery, you may have residual effects of the medication given before surgery, and your eyesight may be hazy.

  • Leave the eye makeup at home. 

On the day before and the day of your operation, avoid using eye makeup, creams, fragrances, or lotions. Additionally, your doctor may advise you to brush your eyelashes daily or more frequently in the days preceding surgery in order to eliminate debris and reduce your risk of infection. Click here to read about old eye makeup infections.